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1º Oficina de Submissão de Artigos da Pará Research Medical Journal

Na oficina, os candidatos a submissão de artigos receberam informações de como evitar erros que tem sido comuns no momento da submissão desde falhas na redação do artigo, omissão de documentos obrigatórios, até a aprovação no comitê de ética, já que as pesquisas envolvem seres humanos”, esclareceu o Editor Chefe

http://www.santacasa.pa.gov.br/ensino/noticias/detalhe/?id=539

Pará Research Medical Journal
https://prmjournal.org/article/doi/10.4322/prmj.2019.035
Pará Research Medical Journal
Artigo Original Medicina

Qualidade de vida de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pela técnica de gastrectomia vertical videolaparoscópica

Quality of life of patients undergoing bariatric surgery by laparoscopic technique sleeve gastrectomy

Nathalya Botelho Brito, Alberto José Lopes Magalhães, Deivid Ramos dos Santos, Áveles de Sousa Oliveira Filho, Ana Carolina Cunha Costa, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito

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Resumo

Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pela técnica de gastrectomia vertical videolaparoscópica. Método: estudo transversal, com 30 indivíduos em 12 meses de pós-operatório de cirurgia bariátrica. O trabalho foi conduzido por meio de um questionário de coleta de dados baseado no protocolo Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System. Resultados: 73% dos pacientes estudados eram do sexo feminino, a idade variou de 30 a 39 anos, IMC inicial de 41,3 kg/m2 e final de 28,5 kg/m2 . as principais comorbidades encontradas foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica (43%) seguida de osteoartrite (20%). 83% tiveram melhora da autoestima, 70% com mais disposição para atividades físicas, 37% melhoraram o relacionamento social, 64% tiveram mais disposição para o trabalho e 50% melhoram a sexualidade. Conclusão: A técnica de gastrectomia vertical por videolaparoscopia é um procedimento bariátrico efetivo para controlar o peso, minimizar comorbidades e melhorar a qualidade de vida de obesos em curto e médio prazo. Os pacientes submetidos a essa cirurgia tiveram resultado excelente (43,3%), muito bom (36,6%) ou bom 6 (20%) após 12 meses, com melhora significativa de todas as comorbidades.

Palavras-chave

obesidade; qualidade de vida; cirurgia bariátrica; gastrectomia vertical.

Abstract

Purpose: to evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing bariatric surgery by the videolaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy technique. Methods: cross-sectional study with 30 subjects within 12 months of postoperative bariatric surgery. The study was conducted using a data collection questionnaire based on the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System protocol. Results: 73% of the patients studied were female, age ranged from 30 to 39 years, initial BMI of 41.3 kg/m2 and final BMI of 28.5 kg/m2 . The main comorbidities found were systemic arterial hypertension (43%) followed by osteoarthritis (20%). 83% had improved self-esteem, 70% had more willingness to exercise, 37% improved social relationships, 64% had more willingness to work and 50% improved sexuality. Conclusion: Sleeve Gastrectomy by videolaparoscopy is an effective bariatric procedure to control weight, minimize comorbidities and improve the quality of life of obese people in the short and medium term. The patients submitted to this surgery had excellent results (43.3%), very good (36.6%) or good 6 (20%) after 12 months, with significant improvement of all comorbidities.

Keywords

obesity; quality of life; bariatric surgery; sleeve gastrectomy.

Referências

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