Pará Research Medical Journal
http://prmjournal.org/article/doi/10.4322/prmj.2017.034
Pará Research Medical Journal
Artigo de Revisão Medicina

Modelos de treinamento em anestesia: uma revisão sistemática

Anesthesia training models: a systematic review

Lêda Lima da Silva, Geovanna Mourão Pantoja, Alyne Condurú dos Santos Cunha, Alan Luz Tembra, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Charles Alberto Villacorta de Barros

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Resumo

Objetivo: avaliar o custo-efetividade dos simuladores utilizados no treinamento de anestesiologia. Método: revisão sistemática de artigos científicos indexados na base de dados MedLine, SciELo, Lilacs, ScienceDirect por meio dos descritores: “anesthesia training”, “simulation”, “anesthesia”, “medical education”, “training model” com o operador booleano “AND” e foram incluídos artigos publicados de 2000-2018 escritos em português, espanhol e inglês. Resultado: Foram observados 201 artigos dos quais 27 atendiam os critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: Devido à amplitude de simuladores, bem como de seus níveis de fidelidade e de custos, não foi possível relatar qual teria o melhor custo-efetividade. Foram verificados benefícios técnicos e éticos, contudo, ainda são necessários estudos com metodologias mais rigorosas e validadas para assegurar a efetividade dos simuladores de anestesia.

Palavras-chave

treinamento por simulação; anestesia; educação médica; bloqueio nervoso

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of training models in anesthesiology. Methods: A systematic review of scientific papers indexed in MedLine, SciELo, Lilacs, ScienceDirect databases through the descriptors “anesthesia training”, “simulation”, “anesthesia”, “medical education”, “training model” with the boolean operator “AND” and were included articles published between 2000-2018 written in Portuguese, Spanish and English. Results: 201 articles were founded and 27 of them met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Due to the range of simulators, as well as their levels of fidelity and price, it was not possible to conclude which one have the best cost-effectiveness. Technical and ethical benefits was verified. However, studies with more stringent and validated methodologies to ensure the effectiveness of the simulators in anesthesia are needed.

Keywords

simulation training; anesthesia; medical education; nerve block

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